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Conjugal transfer of bacteriocin plasmids from different genera of lactic acid bacteria into Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2

Manjulata Devi, S. and Prakash, M. Halami (2013) Conjugal transfer of bacteriocin plasmids from different genera of lactic acid bacteria into Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2. Annals of Microbiology, 63. pp. 1611-1617.

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The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are of great interest because of their food grade quality and industrial importance. In the recent past, the pediocin PA-1 like bacteriocin was found to be synthesized in cross-species and cross-genera. Hence, the present work was carried out in order to determine the transfer of plasmid encoded pediocin PA-1 like bacteriocin among LAB. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the dissemination of bacteriocin-encoded plasmid from Pediococcus acidilactici NCIM 5424, Enterococcus faecium NCIM 5423 and Lactobacillus plantarum Acr2 to Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 under in vitro (filter mating method) and in situ (soymilk model) conditions. The fermentation of the soymilk was determined by the selected pediocin producers. E. faecium NCIM 5423 was able to transfer the bacteriocin only under in situ conditions, whereas the native pediocin producer P. acidilactici NCIM 5424 transferred the bacteriocin under both the methods used. The in situ method gave more transfer frequency, ranging from 10−7 to 10−4 transconjugants per recipient cell. No conjugal transfer by L. plantarum Acr2 was observed. The physiological conditions like pH and temperature were found to influence the production of bacteriocin in the obtained transconjugants. The results suggest the horizontal gene transfer (HGT) and the natural spread of pediocin PA-1-like bacteriocin among LAB present in their close vicinity by means of conjugation. The dissemination of pediocin PA-1-like bacteriocin under in situ conditions is noteworthy, and such bacteriocin producers can be useful in the fermentation of dairy products and construction of novel cultures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pediocin PA-1-like bacteriocin . Lactic acid bacteria . Horizontal gene transfer . Conjugation . Mobile genetic elements . Plasmids
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 02 Bacteriology
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2016 08:07
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 08:07
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/12367

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