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Thermoactive B-N-Acetylhexosaminidase Production by a Soil Isolate of Penicillium Monoverticillium CFR 2 under Solid State Fermentation: Parameter Optimization and Application For N-Acetyl Chitooligosaccharides Preparation from Chitin

Suresh, P. V. and Anil Kumar, P. K. and Sachindra, N. M. (2011) Thermoactive B-N-Acetylhexosaminidase Production by a Soil Isolate of Penicillium Monoverticillium CFR 2 under Solid State Fermentation: Parameter Optimization and Application For N-Acetyl Chitooligosaccharides Preparation from Chitin. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 27 (6). pp. 1435-1447.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-010-0596-z

Abstract

Two fungal strains were evaluated for b-N-acetylhexosaminidase production by solid state fermentation using different agro-industrial residues such as commercial wheat bran (CWB) and shrimp shell chitin waste (SSCW), of which Penicillium monoverticillium CFR 2 a local soil isolate showed significantly (P B 0.001) higher b-N-acetylhexosaminidase activity on CWB medium as compared with the activity of Fusarium oxysporum CFR 8. Fermentation parameters such as incubation temperature, incubation time, initial moisture content and inoculum concentration were optimized by statistically designed experiments, using 3**(4–1) fractional factorial design of Response Surface Methodology. The high R2 (0.9512) observed during validation experiment showed the usefulness of the model. Highest level of enzyme activity (311.84 U/g IDS) was predicted at 75% (w/w) initial moisture content, 26 C incubation temperature, 168 h incubation time and initial inoculum, at the highest concentration tested (2.95 ml spore suspension/5 g substrate). Statistical optimization yielded a 4.5 fold increase in b-Nacetylhexosaminidase activity. The crude b-N-acetylhexosaminidase showed optimum temperature of 57 ± 1 C and pH of 3.6 and retained 50% activity after 1 h of incubation at 57 ± 1 C. SDS–PAGE zymogram revealed crude enzyme was a monomer with an apparent molecular weight *110 kDa. The crude enzyme formed 6.81 ± 0.03 mM/l of N-acetyl chitooligosaccharides from colloidal chitin in 24 h of incubation. HPLC analysis revealed hydrolysate contained 37.57% N-acetyl chitotriose and 62.43% N-acetyl chitohexose, indicating its potential for specific N-acetyl chitooligosaccharides production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: b-N-acetylhexosaminidase Penicillium monoverticillium Solid state fermentation Response surface methodology Thermoactive enzyme N-acetyl chitooligosaccharides
Subjects: 600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 04 Fermentation Technology
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 04 Fungi
Divisions: Meat Fish and Poultry Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2011 05:15
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:21
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9908

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