[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Pigment identification, Antioxidant activity, and Nutrient composition of Tinospora cordifolia (willd.) Miers ex Hook. f & Thoms fruit

Imtiyaj Khan, Mohammad and Sri Harsha, P. S. C. and Giridhar, P. and Ravishankar, G. A. (2011) Pigment identification, Antioxidant activity, and Nutrient composition of Tinospora cordifolia (willd.) Miers ex Hook. f & Thoms fruit. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 62 (3). pp. 239-249.

[img] PDF
International_Journal_of_Food_Sciences_and_Nutrition_2010_1.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (193kB)

Abstract

The stem, leaf, and root of Tinospora cordifolia (willd.) have been highly exploited for medicinal preparations; however, the nutritional and nutraceutical potential of its attractive red berries (fruits) have not so far been studied. Pigments, berberine (107.0 mg/100 g) and lycopene (50.8 mg/100 g), were identified in the deseeded fruit. Total phenol content in the fruit was 3.2mg gallic acid equivalent/g. The IC50 of DPPHz (82, and 468 ppm) and OHz (100, and 1,000 ppm) scavenging activity, and the EC50 of reducing power (2,616, and 1,472 ppm) of hexane and methanol extracts, respectively, were observed. Oxygen radical absorbance capacities of the fruit extracts (150 and 300 ppm) were 1,107 and 2,614mMtrolox equivalent/g, respectively. Nutrient composition including carbohydrate (18.4%), proteins (1.5%), lipids (6%) of which ,62% was unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins like ascorbic acid (0.24 mg), niacin (0.7 mg), and tocopherols (2.4 mg) in 100 g fruits were determined. Potassium content was 1.2 g/100 g dry tissue of berries. These findings show that components of T. cordifolia fruit could be bioactive and used in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tinospora cordifolia (Menispermaceae), lycopene, berberine, phenols, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, reducing power
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants > 06 Trees And Shrubs
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 32 Antioxidants
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2011 10:33
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2017 04:32
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9887

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item