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Effect of Banana (Musa Sp. Cultivar Elakki Bale) Flower and Stem on Enzyme Activities of Intestinal and Renal Disaccharidases in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

Jamuna, J. Bhaskar and Mahadevamma, S. and Vishwanatha, S. and Salimath, P. V. (2010) Effect of Banana (Musa Sp. Cultivar Elakki Bale) Flower and Stem on Enzyme Activities of Intestinal and Renal Disaccharidases in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats. Journal of Food Biochemistry , 34 . pp. 564-580.

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Abstract

The effect of banana (Musa sp. cultivar elakki bale) flower and stem on activities of intestinal and renal disaccharidases was studied in streptozotocininduced diabetic rats by determining the specific activities of intestinal and renal disaccharidases, viz., sucrase, maltase and lactase, which was then correlated to the amount of glucose released from sucrose, maltose and lactose, respectively. The study involved a comparison between starch-fed diabetic (SFD), banana flower-fed diabetic (FFD), banana stem-fed diabetic (TFD) and aminoguanidine-fed diabetic (AFD) groups. Significant decrease in urine sugar, urine volume and fasting blood sugar were seen in the FFD, TFD and AFD groups when compared with the SFD group. In case of intestinal maltase activities, the FFD, TFD and AFD groups showed 59%, 54% and 77% amelioration, respectively, in comparison with the SFD group. Similarly, intestinal lactase activities were high in the SFD group and were augmented in the FFD, TFD and AFD groups to about 54%, 57% and 86%, respectively, in comparison with the SFD group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: banana flower-fed diabetic, banana stem-fed diabetic, aminoguanidine-fed diabetic, lactase activities, diabetes, intestinal disaccharidases
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 04 Diabetes Mellitus
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 02 Banana
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2010 06:35
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:18
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9724

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