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Fenugreek seeds reduce atherogenic diet induced cholesterol gallstone formation in experimental mice

Reddy, R.L.R. and Srinivasan, K. (2009) Fenugreek seeds reduce atherogenic diet induced cholesterol gallstone formation in experimental mice. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 87. pp. 933-943.

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Abstract

Dietary hypocholesterolemic adjuncts may have a beneficial role in the prevention and treatment of cholesterol gallstones (CGS). In this investigation, fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed was evaluated for this potential on the experimental induction of CGS in laboratory mice. CGS was induced by maintaining mice on a lithogenic diet (0.5% cholesterol) for 10 weeks. Fenugreek seed powder was included at 5%, 10%, and 15% of this lithogenic diet. Dietary fenugreek significantly lowered the incidence of CGS in these mice; the incidence was 63%, 40%, and 10% in the 5%, 10%, and 15% fenugreek groups, respectively, compared with 100% in the lithogenic control. The antilithogenic influence of fenugreek is attributable to its hypocholesterolemic effect. Serum cholesterol level was decreased by 26%–31% by dietary fenugreek, while hepatic cholesterol was lowered by 47%–64% in these high cholesterol-fed animals. Biliary cholesterol was 8.73–11.2 mmol/L as a result of dietary fenugreek, compared with 33.6 mmol/L in high-cholesterol feeding without fenugreek. Cholesterol saturation index in bile was reduced to 0.77–0.99 in fenugreek treatments compared with 2.57 in the high-cholesterol group. Thus, fenugreek seed offers health-beneficial antilithogenic potential by virtue of its favourable influence on cholesterol metabolism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biliary lipid profile, cholesterol gallstones, cholesterol saturation index, dietary fenugreek seeds, antilithogenic influence
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 30 Spices/Condiments
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 15 Pharmacology
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2010 10:55
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:18
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9699

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