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Establishment of Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation in Dunaliella bardawil

Anila, N. and Chandrashekar, A. and Ravishankar, G. A. and Sarada, R. (2011) Establishment of Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated genetic transformation in Dunaliella bardawil. European Journal of Phycology, 46 (1). pp. 36-44.

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Dunaliella bardawil, a unicellular microalga, grows in relatively high concentrations of salt and has so far been refractory to Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. An inverse relationship between salt concentration and hygromycin resistance was observed. Co-cultivation at 0.2M NaCl allowed growth of both D. bardawil and A. tumefaciens. Lowering salt concentrations also enabled the use of lower concentrations of hygromycin, the selection agent. Cells resistant to 100 mgl�1 hygromycin were selected and growth of Agrobacterium was completely eliminated in these cells using cefotaxime/potassium clavulanate. The concentration of sodium chloride was gradually increased to 1.0M with simultaneous reduction of hygromycin concentration for better growth of D. bardawil. Agrobacterium was unable to survive in the growth medium used for Dunaliella. Expression of �-glucuronidase (uidA), green fluorescent protein (GFP) and hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt) in the hygromycin-resistant culture was detected using X-gluc as substrate and Western blotting using GFP antibodies and RT-PCR respectively. Cells growing in 1.0M NaCl (in the absence of hygromycin) retained their ability to grow in hygromycin even after 18 months of cultivation. These cells expressed GFP and PCR for hpt gene was positive. The stability of the integrated transgene and resistance to hygromycin in three different transformation events were ascertained periodically. Southern blotting of DNA extracted from hygromycin resistant cells (HRC) that were 15–18 months old established the presence of the integrated transgene in the DNA of D. bardawil. Results of the present study substantiate A. tumefaciens-mediated transformation of the unicellular marine alga D. bardawil. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transgene integration along with the massive outdoor cultivation methods used for D. bardawil may allow the commercial synthesis of secondary metabolites and heterologous proteins.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Dunaliella bardawil, genetic transformation, GFP, hygromycin Casein Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 01 Algae
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2010 09:13
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:13
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9353

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