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Bioreactor for cultivation of red beet hairy roots and in situ recovery of primary and secondary metabolites

Bhagyalakshmi, N. and Rudrappa, Thimmaraju (2009) Bioreactor for cultivation of red beet hairy roots and in situ recovery of primary and secondary metabolites. Engineering Life Sciences, 9 (3). pp. 227-238.

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Abstract

To arrive at an appropriate bioreactor design and in situ recovery of the products, red beet hairy roots were used as a model system where the levels of betalain pigments (betacyanins and betaxanthins) were followed as secondary metabolite and the peroxidase enzyme as primary metabolite. Medium volume and other kinetic parameters were found to play significant roles by way of directly affecting the biomass yield rather than a specific metabolite. The hydrodynamic stress created on the roots by large culture volume could be minimized by pulse-feeding of medium in shake-flasks; and by separating the biomass chamber from the aerated medium reservoir in circulatory fed-batch bioreactor. Accordingly the bioreactor was modified to provide anchorage and air-enrichment chamber which resulted in higher formation of both the metabolites than in shake-flasks. Various down-stream processing aspects such as in situ release of pigments by non-destructive methods, followed by adsorption through a column and recovery by desorption were optimized for betalains. A strategy for simultaneous recovery of pigment and peroxidase was worked out using aqueous two phase extraction (ATPE).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Betalaine / Peroxidase / ATPE / Recovery / Metabolite
Subjects: 600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 01 Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2010 10:42
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:13
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9320

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