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Vanilla Flavour Production Through Biotransformation Using Capsicum frutescens Root Cultures

Suresh, B. and Ritu, T. and Ravishankar, G. A. (2003) Vanilla Flavour Production Through Biotransformation Using Capsicum frutescens Root Cultures. Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, 21 (6). pp. 333-340.

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Abstract

Normal roots of Capsicum frutescens were excised from tissue-cultured plants into half strength Murashige and Skoog’s medium with 2.23 mM naphthalene acetic acid. Maximum growth of cultured roots was 6.5 g fresh weight 40 ml-1, as recorded on day 20. Even though normal roots were unable to accumulate capsaicin, they contained other phenylpropanoid intermediates and vanillylamine, as detected by HPLC analysis. Normal roots of Capsicum frutescens were treated with ferulic acid and protocatechuic aldehyde in order to study their biotransformation ability. Ferulic acid, which is the nearest precursor to vanillin, when fed at concentrations of 1 and 2 mM led to the accumulation of vanilla flavour metabolites, vanillin being the major one. In cultures treated with 1 and 2 mM ferulic acid, maximum vanillin accumulation of 12.3 and 16.4 mM was observed, on day 6 after precursor addition, respectively. Feeding of ferulic acid and b-cyclodextrin complex (2 mM each) enhanced the accumulation of biotransformed products. Moreover, vanillin accumulation was recorded as 24.7 mM on day 6 after precursor addition, which was 1.5 times higher than in cultures fed with ferulic acid (2 mM) alone. When ferulic acid was fed along with b-cyclodextrin (1 mM each) to cultures growing in a three-litre bubble column bioreactor, the maximum vanillin production of 10.7 mM was obtained; other vanilla flavour metabolites were also formed after 9 days of precursor addition. Root cultures could also biotransform protocatechuic aldehyde wherein a maximum vanillin production of 7.9 mM was recorded on day 6 after precursor addition. The bioconversion efficiency was observed to be 5/7% in case of ferulic acid fed cultures and 3.2% in case of protocatechuic aldehyde fed cultures suggesting the possible channelling of precursors to alternate biosynthetic pathways such as lignin.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Capsicum frutescens ; Root cultures; Capsaicin; Vanilla flavour; Biotransformation; Phenylpropanoid precursors; Bubble column bioreactor
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 15 Flavour/Fragrance/Perfumes
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants > 05 Tissue Culture
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2009 10:58
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2009 10:58
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9129

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