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Micropropagation in banana using high levels of cytokinins does not involve any genetic changes as revealed by RAPD and ISSR markers

Lakshmanan, V. and Sreedhar, R. V. and Bhagyalakshmi, N. (2007) Micropropagation in banana using high levels of cytokinins does not involve any genetic changes as revealed by RAPD and ISSR markers. Plant Growth Regulation, 51. pp. 193-205.

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Abstract

Use of high levels of growth regulators during micropropagation results in undesirable clonal variability in important commercial crops such as banana. The present study investigated the effects of high levels of cytokinins on micropropagation in banana (genotype AAB), and the genetic stability of plantlets was assessed using RAPD and ISSR markers. Cytokinins, such as BA and kinetin were added to the routine shoot multiplication medium at concentrations up to 10 mg l–1. After 12 weeks of culture involving three subcultures, the maximum number of shoot buds were produced in cultures receiving either 5 mg l–1BA(80 shoot buds) or 4 mg l–1 kinetin (62 shoot buds). Certain morphological abnormalities observed during proliferation of shoot buds in vitro were not observed during acclimatization ex vitro. To check the genetic stability, RAPD and ISSR profiles of micropropagated plantlets obtained from different cytokinin-treatments were compared with control microplants maintained on MS medium as well as the field-grown mother plant. A total of 50 RAPD and 12 ISSR primers resulted in 625 distinct and reproducible bands. Thus a total of 17,400 bands were generated showing homogeneous RAPD and ISSR patterns. Band intensity histogram of each gel confirmed their monomorphic nature with no genetic variation in all the plantlets analysed. Based on these results a protocol for high rate shoot multiplication was worked out leading to uniform shoot production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BA Banana Endangered species Genetic stability ISSR Kinetin Micropropagation RAPD Shoot tip culture
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 02 Banana
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants > 05 Tissue Culture
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2009 09:06
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2012 10:49
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9128

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