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Rheological behaviour of pullulanase-treated guar galactomannan on co-gelation with xanthan

Shobha, M. S. and Tharanathan, R. N. (2009) Rheological behaviour of pullulanase-treated guar galactomannan on co-gelation with xanthan. Food Hydrocolloids, 23 (3). pp. 749-754. ISSN 0268-005X

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Abstract

The present study involves the use of non-specific enzyme pullulanase (from Bacillus acidopullulyticus) to remove galactose residues from guar galactomannan to obtain modified guar galactomannan mimicking the functional properties of locust bean gum. The modified guar galactomannan blended with xanthan exhibited the rheological behaviour of elastic modulus (G') greater than viscous modulus (G'') with a decrease in tan[delta] value similar to locust bean gum/xanthan blend. Also a twofold increase in the magnitude of elasticity compared to xanthan alone suggested the synergistic interaction with formation of three dimensional networks. The modified guar galactomannan with galactose content of 21% and M:G ratio 1:3.8, almost akin to locust bean gum, showed a better interaction with xanthan. Dynamic stress sweep study of modified guar galactomannan/xanthan blend with increased yield stress of 800dynes/cm2 also indicated the synergistic behaviour. Modified guar galactomannan also revealed the maximum synergistic interaction with xanthan at a mixing temperature of 60C than at 20C, 30C, 40C and 50C, respectively. Modification of guar galactomannan by pullulanase is an alternative route to produce galactose-depleted guar galactomannan with enhanced rheological functionalities on co-gelation with xanthan, as a cost effective replacement to locust bean gum.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Guar galactomannan Xanthan Rheology Locust bean gum Pullulanase Co-gelation
Subjects: 600 Technology > 09 Industrial oils, fats, waxes, gases > 06 Vegetable Gums
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2009 10:07
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:10
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/9072

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