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Dimethoate induced biochemical perturbations in rat pancreas and its attenuation by cashew nut skin extract

Vasudeva, Kamath and Apurva Kumar, R. J. and Rajini, P. S. (2008) Dimethoate induced biochemical perturbations in rat pancreas and its attenuation by cashew nut skin extract. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 90 (1). pp. 58-65.

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Abstract

The significant antiradical activity of cashew skin extract was previously described. In this investigation, the extent of protection offered by cashew nut skin extract (CSE) against the damage induced in rat pancreas by sub chronic doses dimethoate (DM), an organophosphorous pesticide was studied. Rats were supplemented with CSE at 20 mg/kg b.w./d after a daily dose of DM at 40 mg/kg/d b.w. for 2 months. Weekly random blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT); pancreatic damage markers like amylase and lipase; oxidative damage markers such as reactive oxygen species generated, extent of lipid peroxidation, host antioxidant defenses like reduced glutathione (GSH); GSH-dependent enzyme activities viz., glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR); free radical scavenger enzymes viz., catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD); xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes like DT-diaphorase and NADPH-diaphorase were measured in the four different groups namely (1) control, (2) DM treated, (3) CSE supplemented, (4) CSE supplements following DM treatment. Random blood glucose levels increased significantly on exposure to DM compared to that in control rats (119 ± 5 mg/dl vs. 92 ± 4 mg/dl), while the blood glucose levels in CSE supplemented rats were comparable to that of controls. DM treated rats exhibited impaired glucose tolerance at the end of two months as indicated by OGTT, while DM treated rats with CSE supplements showed normal glucose tolerance. Pancreatic specific marker enzymes like amylase and lipase in serum were restored to normalcy in rats supplemented with CSE following treatment with DM which otherwise was increased in the DM treated rats. Distinctly lower levels of GSH, increased levels of ROS, higher extent of lipid peroxidation, along with alterations in antioxidant enzymes and increase in xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes were evident in pancreas of DM treated rats. However, CSE supplement ameliorated the biochemical alterations in the pancreatic milieu in DM treated rats. Treatment with CSE significantly protected rat pancreas from injury, thus ameliorating and restoring tissue antioxidant status and also conferring normal glucose tolerance. The active components present in cashew skin extract can perhaps be effective in reducing the extent of pancreatic injury and in overcoming tissue damage caused by exposure to dimethoate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rat pancreas; Oral glucose tolerance; Dimethoate; Cashew nut skin extract; Amylase; Lipase; Oxidative stress
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 30 Spices/Condiments
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 26 Pesticide Chemistry
Divisions: Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2008 07:02
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2016 08:24
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/8724

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