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Bioconversion and biotransformation of coir pith for economic production of Pleurotus florida: chemical and biochemical changes in coir pith during the mushroom growth and fructification

Shashirekha, M. N. and Rajarathnam, S. (2007) Bioconversion and biotransformation of coir pith for economic production of Pleurotus florida: chemical and biochemical changes in coir pith during the mushroom growth and fructification. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 23 (8). pp. 1107-1114.

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Abstract

Coir pith represents ~50% of the waste from the coir industries and was tested for its potential in serving as a growth substrate for the production of species of oyster mushroom, Pleurotus florida. Due to its high lignin (~48%) content and amorphous powdery nature, coir pith supported poor mushroom mycelial growth and yields were considerably low (~25% bioconversion efficiency). Pre-treating coir pith with hot water did not prove economical to produce the mushroom yields. Acid swelling and alkali delignification of coir pith though served to change the structure of coir pith; the mushroom yields were not improved. Amendment of coir pith with rice (Oryza sativa) straw and horse gram (Dolichos biflorus) plant residue tended to greatly modify the physical characteristics of the inoculated mushroom bed. Such a supplementation of coir pith growth substrate resulted in production of mushroom yields with 110–125% bioconversion effi- ciency. Implications of supplementing coir pith with rice straw/horse gram plant residue in terms of holocellulose: lignin ratio are discussed. Sensorially, the mushrooms so produced did not differ from that on rice straw, the economic growth substrate recommended for production of the mushroom yields on commercial scale. Changes in cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin contents of coir pith amended with rice straw were studied. Cellulase, hemicellulase and protease enzyme activities in the amended coir pith substrate showed a continuous increase from inoculation till the end of fructification, whereas laccase activity decreased during fructification, in consonance with decreased lignin degradation during fructification.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioconversion � Biotransformation � BCE (bioconversion efficiency) � Cellulose � Coir pith � Fructification � Hemicellulose � Holocellulose � Lignin � Oyster mushroom � Pleurotus florida � Spawn run
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 04 Fungi
600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 01 Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2008 11:09
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 10:04
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/8684

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