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Insecticidal potential and biological activity of Indian indigenous plants against Musca domestica L.

Ahmed, S. M. and Chander, H. and Pereira, J. (1981) Insecticidal potential and biological activity of Indian indigenous plants against Musca domestica L. International Pest Control, 23 (6). 170, 172,174-175; 12 ref..

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Abstract

In tests in India, plant material thought to have insecticidal properties was obtained locally near Mysore and when powdered was incorporated at 15 or 30% (w/w) into a standardised culture medium on which eggs of Musca domestica L. were seeded. All 13 species of plants gave 100% control, those larvae that hatched failing to complete their development. The plant material comprised: the leaf and stem of Tylophora asthmatica; the leaves of Cestrum nocturnum and Clerodendrum sp.; the rhizomes of Acorus calamus and Withania somnifera; the seeds of Cocculus suberosus, Psoralea corylifolia, Nigella sativa, Peganum harmala, Hyoscyamus niger and Carum ajwanica; the kernel of Azadirachta indica; and the whole plant of Ruta graveolens. The plant powders were then tested against the third-instar larvae by being mixed at 10, 20, 30 or 40% (w/w) with the rearing medium. The best results were obtained with powders of Psoralea, Tylophora and Acorus, which gave 84.45-90% mortality at concentrations of 20-40%, and 68.43-78.72% mortality at 10%. Cestrum and Ruta were the next most effective (about 79 and 57% mortality at 40%, respectively) but the remaining species were not promising. However, pupal mortality was high (90% at all concentrations) for Clerodendrum and good (90% at 30-40%; 57.29-76.22% at 10-20%) for Azadirachta.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: control-; insecticides-; medicinal-plants; insecticidal-properties; pesticidal-plants; ornamental-plants; ornamental-woody-plants; chemical-control
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants
600 Technology > 03 Agriculture > 05 Insect/Pest Control
Divisions: Food Protectants and Infestation Control
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2016 10:32
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2016 10:32
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/8466

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