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Nutrition of the mushroom Pleurotus flabellatus during its growth on paddy straw substrate.

Rajarathnam, S. and Bano, Z. and Patwardhan, M. V. (1986) Nutrition of the mushroom Pleurotus flabellatus during its growth on paddy straw substrate. Journal of Horticultural Science, 61 (2). 223-232; 47 ref..

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Abstract

Acid swelling (to increase the surface area for enzymatic degradation) or alkali delignification of the straw substrate did not increase yields of the white oyster mushroom, nor did the addition of extra carbon as glucose or cellulose during fructification. Supplementation of the substrate with organic nitrogen after the spawn run, or supplementation of spent straw prior to its re-use, increased yields and fruit-body protein contents, with cotton seed powder giving the highest yields (610 and 430 g/kg dry straw, respectively) and casein the highest protein contents in both cases. Mushrooms raised from straw beds supplemented with cotton seed powder had a strong flavour and deteriorated quickly at ambient temperature. Prolonging the length of the spawn run by continued disturbance of the beds did not increase yields, and extending the spawn run by 12 or 16 days reduced yields slightly. Of several mineral salt supplements tested, only ferrous sulphate at 250 p.p.m. gave increased yields (464 g/kg dry straw compared with 394 g/kg for the control).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: edible-fungi; growing-media; composition-; Straw-; utilization-; vegetables-
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 29 Microbiological food > 03 Mushroom
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2018 09:18
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2018 09:18
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/8449

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