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Physico-chemical characterization of seed oil and nutrient assessment of Adenanthera pavonina, L: an underutilized tropical legume.

Ezeagu, I. E. and Gopalakrishna, A. G. and Khatoon, S. and Gowda, L. R. (2004) Physico-chemical characterization of seed oil and nutrient assessment of Adenanthera pavonina, L: an underutilized tropical legume. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 43 (4). pp. 295-305.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03670240490454705

Abstract

Adenanthera pavonina seeds were analysed for their nutrient content. Results showed that the seeds contained appreciable amounts of proteins (29.44 g/100 g), crude fat (17.99 g/100 g) and minerals, comparable to commonly consumed staples. Total sugar was low (8.2 g/100 g) while starch (41.95 g/100 g) constituted the major carbohydrate. Low levels of antinutrients were reported and methionine and cystine were the most deficient amino acids. Linoleic and oleic acids made up 70.7% of the total fatty acids. Free fatty acid levels were relatively high but peroxide and saponification values of 29.6 m-equiv./kg and 164.1 mg KOH/g, respectively, pointed to a resemblance to oils processed for food. It is concluded that A. pavonina seeds represent a potential source of oil and protein, that could alleviate food shortages in countries such as India.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: LEGUMES-; NUTRIENTS-; NUTRITIONAL-VALUES; OILSEEDS-
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats > 01 Oilseeds
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 22 Legumes-Pulses
Divisions: Lipid Science and Traditional Foods
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2008 10:43
Last Modified: 31 May 2012 04:12
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/7536

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