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Influence of sesame oil on serum and liver lipids and tocopherol levels in rats.

Vidyashankar, S. and Lokesh, B. R. and Sambaiah, K. (2004) Influence of sesame oil on serum and liver lipids and tocopherol levels in rats. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 41 (5). pp. 516-520.

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Effect of sesame oil (SO) and its blends with sunflower and groundnut oils on the growth, serum and liver lipid levels of male Wistar rats was investigated. Feeding SO to rats did not alter their food intake or gain in body wt., but significantly increased food efficiency ratio and organ wt. compared to other groups. Serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) + LDL-cholesterol, cholesterol ester and triglyceride concn. were lower in SO-fed animals. Similarly, liver cholesterol and triglyceride levels were also significantly reduced in SO-fed animals. Serum and liver lipid peroxides were significantly lower in SO-fed animals. Liver alpha-tocopherol content was significantly higher in SO-fed animals. This study showed that SO feeding did not affect growth, but significantly lowered the serum and liver lipid levels compared to other oils. VLDL + LDL-cholesterol, which is considered as bad cholesterol, was significantly reduced upon SO feeding. It also showed that SO reduced lipid peroxides and increased the alpha-tocopherol content in the tissues. It is concluded that SO could be useful in decreasing the risk of coronary heart disease; it also increases the tocopherol content and plays a crucial role in reducing lipid peroxidation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Serum lipids; Liver lipids; Cholesterol; Lipid peroxidation
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 11 Food Biochemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Users 197 not found.
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2011 11:23
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2018 10:45
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/7522

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