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The metabolism of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus in undernourished children. 6. The effect of partial or complete replacement of rice in poor vegetarian diets by kaffir corn (Sorghum vulgare).

Kurien, P. P. and Narayana Rao, M. and Swaminathan, M. and Subramanyan, V. (1960) The metabolism of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus in undernourished children. 6. The effect of partial or complete replacement of rice in poor vegetarian diets by kaffir corn (Sorghum vulgare). British Journal of Nutrition, 14. pp. 339-346.

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Abstract

in different parts of India. Over considerable parts of the Deccan plateau and Cental India it is eaten as a staple food by millions of people. It is also grown to a considerable extent in other countries, especially in Africa, China, the U.S.A. and Latin America. The grain is usually ground to flour and cooked and eaten as dumplings or unleavened bread. The poorer classes generally prefer kaffir corn to softer grains like rice because of its cheapness and sustaining qualities. Diets containing kafh corn and other cereals have been compared in growth experiments on albino rats (Sur, Swaminathan & Subrahmanyan, 1955 ; Subrahmanyan, Kuppuswamy, Ramarao, Swaminathan & Bhatia, 1954). These studies have shown that the general nutritive value of a poor vegetarian diet containing kaffir corn is higher than that of rice, but slightly less than that of similar diets containing ragi (Eleusine coracana) or wheat. Our metabolic studies carried out on children in India have so far been confined to diets containing rice and ragi (Murthy, Reddy, Swaminathan & Subrahmanyan, 1955 ; Joseph, Narayanarao, Ganapathy, Swaminathan & Subrahmanyan, 1958; Joseph, Kurien, Swaminathan & Subrahmanyan, 1959). We have not previously reported any metabolic studies in children on kaffir-corn diets. Because of the acute shortage of rice in the country, the use of kaffir corn and other millets as partial substitutes for rice needs to be studied. The present paper describes the results of investigations on the effects of partial or complete replacement of rice in a poor Indian diet by kaffir corn on the metabolism of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus in children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: kaffir corn replacement of rice metabolism
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 23 Vegetables
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 03 Child nutrition
Divisions: CFTRI Resource Centres
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2008 04:36
Last Modified: 07 May 2012 05:23
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/6037

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