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The effect of dilution of milk proteins with non-essential amino acids (L-alanine and L-glutamic acid) on nitrogen retention and biological value of the proteins in children.

Daniel, V. A. and Doraiswamy, T. R. and Swaminathan, M. and Rajalakshmi, D. (1970) The effect of dilution of milk proteins with non-essential amino acids (L-alanine and L-glutamic acid) on nitrogen retention and biological value of the proteins in children. British Journal of Nutrition, 24. pp. 741-747.

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Abstract

It is now well recognized that the biological value (BV) of dietary proteins depends on the content, availability and balance of essential amino acids in them (Block & Mitchell, 1946; Swaminathan, 1964, 1967; Swaminathan & Daniel, 1968). The FAO/ WHO Expert Group on Protein Requirements (FAO, 1965) suggested that, after the required pattern of the essential amino acids has been specified, the percentage of the total nitrogen intake contributed by the essential amino acids must be indicated. They also stated that ‘there is good reason to believe that in both human milk and egg proteins, the proportions of essential amino acids are higher than those required for older children and adults, although the physiological reason for this is not clear’. Snyderman, Holt, Dancis, Roitman, Boyer & Balis (1962) reported that addition of glycine or urea to a milk diet providing 1.1 g proteinlkg body-weight brought about increase in N retention and body-weight of infants. More recently Daniel, Desai, Venkat Rao, Swaminathan & Parpia (1968) have reported that dilution of milk proteins with a non-essential amino acid (glutamic acid) brings about a decrease in the protein efficiency ratio (PER) of the proteins in proportion to the quantity of glutamic acid added. It was considered desirable to conduct metabolic studies in growing children to confirm the findings in rats. In the present investigation, the effect of dilution of milk proteins with a mixture of two non-essential amino acids (NEA), alanine and glutamic acid, on N retention and BV of the proteins has been studied in children aged 1-11 years.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: milk proteins biological value non-essential amino acids nitrogen retention alanine glutamic acid
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 02 Amino acids
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 03 Proteins
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 03 Child nutrition
Divisions: CFTRI Resource Centres
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2008 04:46
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2012 05:52
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/5980

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