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The effect of a supplementary multipurpose food on the growth and nutritional status of school children.

Subramanyan, V. and Kantha, Joseph and Doraiswamy, T. R. and Narayana Rao, M. and Sankaran, A. N. and Swaminathan, M. (1957) The effect of a supplementary multipurpose food on the growth and nutritional status of school children. British Journal of Nutrition, 11 (4). pp. 382-388.

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Dietary and clinical surveys carried out in India, Africa and in several countries elsewhere, in Asia and South America, have shown that the diets of large numbers of people are deficient in many essential nutrients such as proteins, vitamins and minerals (Patwardhan, 1952; Autret & Behar, 1954; Gopalan & Ramalingaswami, 1955 ; Brock & Autret, 1952). Protective foods such as milk, eggs, fish and meat are not available in sufficient quantities in these countries and the prospects of increasing their production in the near future are poor (Autret & van Veen, 1955). Considerable attention has recently been devoted to evolving Supplementary foods from indigenous resources for improving the health of the vulnerable groups of the population (Autret & van Veen, Various attempts have been made in India and other countries to prepare palatable milk substitutes from soya beans, groundnuts and other raw materials (Dean, 1953; De & Subrahmanyan, 1945; Nandi, Rajagopalan & De, 1953). Feeding experiments carried out on infants and children have shown that such foods possess a marked supplementary value to their ordinary diet (Dean, 1953 ; Subrahmanyan, Reddy, Moorjani, Sur, Doraiswamy, Sankaran, Bhatia & Swaminathan, 1954). Other processed food products which appear to have immense possibilities for large-scale use in combating malnutrition are the multipurpose foods prepared by suitable processing of expeller soya-bean or groundnut cakes and fortifying with essential vitamins and minerals (Cooper & Bryan, 195 I ; Subrahmanyan, Ramarao, Kuppuswamy, Narayanarao & Swaminathan, 1957). The multipurpose food prepared by the Meals for Millions Foundation, Los Angeles, U.S.A., has been reported to be a good supplement to the diets of schoolchildren (Cooper & Bryan, 1951). Investigations carried out recently in the Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, have shown that a multipurpose food prepared from a blend of low-fat groundnut flour and Bengal-gram flour and fortified with essential vitamins and minerals possesses a marked supplementary value for poor Indian diets as determined by studies on albino rats (Joseph, Narayanarao, Swaminathan & Subrahmanyan, 1957 ; Kuppuswamy, Joseph, Narayanarao, Ramarao, Swaminathan & Subrahmanyan, 1957a, b). The present paper describes studies on the value of the multipurpose food as a supplement to the diet of children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: multipurpose food blend of low-fat groundnut flour Bengal-gram flour supplementary value
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 22 Legumes-Pulses
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 03 Child nutrition
Divisions: CFTRI Resource Centres
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2008 04:31
Last Modified: 07 May 2012 04:24
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/5972

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