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A Novel Modified Endosperm Texture in a Mutant High-Protein Digestibility/High-Lysine Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

Tesfaye, Tesso and Gebisa, Ejeta and Chandrashekar, A. (2006) A Novel Modified Endosperm Texture in a Mutant High-Protein Digestibility/High-Lysine Grain Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Cereal Chemistry, 83 (2). pp. 194-201.

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Abstract

Development of high-protein digestibility (HPD)/high-lysίne (hi)sorghum mutant germplasm with good grain quality (i.e., hard endosperm texture) has been a major research objective at Purdue University.Progress toward achieving this objective, however, has been slow due to challenges posed by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. In this article, we report on the identification of a sorghum grain phenotype with a unique modified endosperm texture that has near-normal hardness and possesses superior nutritional quality traits of high digestibility and enhanced lysine content. These modified endosperm lines were identified among F6 families developed from crosses between hard endosperm, normal nutritional quality sorghum lines, and improved HPD/W sorghum mutant P721Q-derived lines. A novel vitreous endosperm formation originated in the central portion of the kernel endosperm with opaque portions appearing both centrally and peripherally surrounding the vitreous portion. Kernels exhibiting modification showed a range of vitreous content from a slight interior section to one that filled out tothe kernel periphery. Microstructure of the vitreous endosperm fraction was dramatically different from that of vitreous normal kernels in sorghum and in other cereals, in that polygonal starch granules were densely packed but without the typically associated continuous protein matrix. We speculate that, due to the lack of protein matrix, such vitreous endosperm may have more available starch for animal nutrition, and possibly have improved wet-milling and dry-grind ethanol processing properties. The new modified endosperm selections produce a range that approaches the density of the vitreous parent, and have lysine content and protein digestibility comparable to the HPD/hl opaque mutant parent.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum bicolor grain sorghum endosperm texture
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 21 Cereals > 06 Sorghum
600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 01 Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2012 08:39
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/574

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