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Production of protein isolate from groundnut (peanut).

Bhatia, D. S. and Kalbag, S. S. and Subramanian, N. and Eapen, K. E. and Ramachandra, B. S. and Anantharaman, K. and Gopalan, K. K. and Subrahmanyan, V. and Ramanna, B. R. and Narayana, M. N. and Narayana, K. and Sreenivasan, A. and Subramanyan, V. (1960) Production of protein isolate from groundnut (peanut). Proceedings of the Symposium on Proteins, Mysore. pp. 260-265.

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Abstract

Oilseeds constitute some of the most concentrated forms of food in nature and contain fairly large quantities of protein besides the oil. Among the different constituents of the seed, only the oil has so far been considered of value for human consumption and the oil cake residues left behind after extraction have been used mainly as live-stock feed and manure. Scientific research conducted during the past few decades in this country and elsewhere has shown that the oilseed meal, if properly prepared and processed, can serve as a valuable protein supplement to human dietaries and that the proteins isolated from oilseed meals are likely to find extensive use in specialised food preparations suitable for feeding infants and children1. Isolated vegetable proteins have certain advantages over the parent raw materials in that they are free from: (1) insoluble and indigestible carbohydrates which may swell and interfere in the digestion and utilization of protein particularly in children, (2) odoriferous and bitter principles present in the natural materials which may affect their palatability and (3) trypsin inhibitors, phytates etc., which may affect adversely their nutritive value. Further, protein isolates are 2-4 times as concentrated as the protein source and possess a bland taste, thus permitting ready blending with other natural foodstuffs for increasing their protein content without affecting their palatability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oilseeds, protein supplement
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 03 Proteins
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats > 01 Oilseeds
Divisions: Lipid Science and Traditional Foods
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2012 06:02
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2012 06:02
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/5092

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