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Physico-chemical changes during maturity of mango Mangifera indica L. variety "Neelum".

Kudachikar, V. B. and Kulkarni, S. G. and Keshava Prakash, M. N. and Vasantha, M. S. and Aravinda Prasad, B. and Ramana, K. V. R. (2001) Physico-chemical changes during maturity of mango Mangifera indica L. variety "Neelum". Journal of Food Science and Technology , 38 (5). pp. 540-542.

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Abstract

Studies were carried out on the physico-chemical composition of the developing mango (Mangifera indica L) fruits of variety "Neelum" during fruit maturation. The results showed that fruit growth in terms of weight, height and diameter was rapid initially with an increase in stone and pulp percentage upto 70 days after fruit set. The specific gravity and texture of the fruits (penetration, kg force) also increased with fruit development and reached a peak of 1.14 and 12.28 kg force respectively at 70 days after fruit set. Acidity and ascorbic acid content in developing fruits increased upto 90 and 70 days after fruit set, respectively and then decreased to 1.5% and 70.5 mg/100 g, respectively at 110 days after fruit set. The levels of total soluble solids (TSS), total sugars, total carotenoids increased gradually with the maturity upto 120 days after fruit set. Results did not show significant changes in physico-chemical characteristics between 110 and 120 days after fruit set. Hence, the optimum stage of maturity for harvest of mango variety "Neelum" is 110 days after fruit set. TSS in the pulp and the penetration force of the fruit can also be used as indices for fixing the optimum stage of maturity for harvest of "Neelum" mangoes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mango, Neelum, Fruit set, Optimum maturity, Harvest, Physico-chemical composition
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 06 Mango
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 14 Physical properties
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2011 10:01
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2016 07:55
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/4838

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