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Developments in the Processing of Underutilized Fruits

Feby Mary, Philip (2005) Developments in the Processing of Underutilized Fruits. Masters thesis, University of Mysore.

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Abstract

This Dissertation / Report is the outcome of investigation carried out by the creator(s) / author(s) at the department/division of Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore mentioned below in this page.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: <p align="justify">There is great potential hidden in many of the underutilized fruits in India. The economy and nutrition of the people, as well as the ecological balance of the environment can be enhanced by the cultivation of many of the under-utilized fruits in areas appropriate for their growth. The four under-utilized fruits which have been discussed in this dissertation have agreat potential for being exploited especially rambutan and karnoda. The lion’s share of the Indian population would not have even heard about these fruits. Bread fruit is a very suitable tree that can be commercially grown especially in the southern parts of India. Being a good source of carbohydrate (28.19g) and calcium (23.2mg) it can provide a good supplement in the diet of the Indian population who are having an increasing tendency to develop osteoporosis due to calcium deficiency. Bread fruit, is not eaten in the uncooked form and can be processed into bread fruit chips or fermented or dried or boiled or steamed. In addition to the processed products oil and flour can also be got from bread fruit. The oil is got from the seeded variety of bread fruit which is known as bread nut. The bread fruit flour can be substituted up to 10% for wheat flour in bread-making. The bread fruit oil is very rich in linoleic acid (30.5% in crude bread fruit oil) which is an essential fatty acid. Studies in Trinidad have revealed how, breadfruit a previously rejected food crop, is now a highly favoured staple. Karonda is known better in North India than in South India and is rarely used in any processed form, it grows wild and is eaten raw by locals. Due to the lack of any processing method much of the karonda is wasted. The karonda pickles are a good way of preservation of the fruit. Rambutan is a popular fruit in South - east Asia especially in Thailand. It can be eaten raw, canned in sugar syrup or made into value-added products in the catering establishment especially in the form of desserts. Much scope is these to develop processed products from rambutan. Carambola is widely grown in the North-eastern parts of India. It is a very good source of beta carotene. Almost no processed products of carambola are available commercially in the market. Some novel methods for processing carambola have been tried like vacuum packaging of the carambola slices. Some of the process for which data is available are foam-mat dried starfruit puree, starfruit honey, carambola preserve,carambola juice, fermented carambola drink and carambola nectar. The dissertation reveals the immense scope for the development of different processing methods for breadfruit, karonda, rambutan and carambola which can lead to the popularization and commercialization of the different products from these underutilized fruits.</p>
Uncontrolled Keywords: underutilized fruits processing underutilized fruits developments breadfruit karonda rambutan carambola
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 05 Processing and Engineering
Divisions: Human Resource Development
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:26
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/421

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