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Effects of supplementing ragi (Eleusine coracana) diets with lysine or leaf protein on the growth and nitrogen metabolism of children.

Doraiswamy, T. R. and Narendra, Singh. and Daniel, V. A. (1969) Effects of supplementing ragi (Eleusine coracana) diets with lysine or leaf protein on the growth and nitrogen metabolism of children. British Journal of Nutrition, 23. pp. 737-743.

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Cereals, including the millets, are the major source of protein in the diet of the people of Asia and Africa. The protein quality of such grains has been shown to be greatly improved by supplementation with the limiting amino acids, singly or in mixtures (see review by Venkat Rao, Joseph, Swaminathan & Parpia, 1964). Ragi (Eleusine coracana), a widely cultivated millet in South India, is a major ingredient of the common diets in the region. This millet is reported to be deficient in lysine (Balasubramanian, Ramachandran, Viswanatha & De, I ~ C J ) , which suggests the possibility of improving the quality of diets based on ragi by supplementing them with lysine. A recent review of the work on leaf protein over the last three decades has focused attention on the possibility of producing nutritionally adequate, protein-rich materials directly from green vegetation (Pirie, 1966). Work in this laboratory has further shown that the lysine content of leaf protein made from lucerne (Medicago satiua) is adequate for rats (Shurpalekar, Singh & Sunderavalli, 1966), and also suggested the possibility of greatly increasing the yield of food protein from the land by the production of edible protein from leaves (Singh, 1966). This background of information suggested that the lysine-deficient diets could be improved by supplements of leaf protein. Studies, were therefore undertaken to investigate the effects of supplementing the common South Indian diets based on ragi, with L-lysine or with leaf protein made from lucerne on the growth, general nutritional status and nitrogen metabolism in children; the results are now presented.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: leaf protein L-lysine nutritional status nitrogen metabolism
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 09 Leaf protein
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 03 Child nutrition
Divisions: CFTRI Resource Centres
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2008 04:50
Last Modified: 07 May 2012 04:19
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/4081

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