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Development of precooked balanced protein food suitable for weaned infants.

Narayana Rao, M. and Kantha, Joseph and Swaminathan, M. and Subramanyan, V. (1960) Development of precooked balanced protein food suitable for weaned infants. Proceedings of the Symposium on Proteins, Mysore, August. pp. 286-289.

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Dietary and nutrition surveys conducted in different parts of India have shown that the diets consumed by weaned infants and young children belonging to low income groups of the population are grossly deficient in proteins, certain vitamins and minerals'. Due to the scarcity and high cost of milk and other protective foods, the children of the poorer classes after weaning are generally fed on cooked cereals or cereal gruels which have low , protein contents and are deficient in certain essential vitamins and minerals. The incidence of protein malnutrition (kwashiorkor) and other deficiency diseases is quite high among the children of the poor classes'. With a view to overcoming the shortage in the supply of milk and other protective foods in many technically under developed countries, considerable attention has been paid to the possibility of using protein rich foods of vegetable origin such as oilseeds and oilseed meals and pulses in the feeding of weaned infants and young children'. Investigations carried out by Chick and Slack4 and later by Dean' have shown that a highly nutritious food can be prepared by blending barley malt extract with soya bean flour. Dean' reported that about half the milk in the diet of infants up to one year of age could be replaced by a barley malt—soya mixture and even to a greater extent in the diets of older children without affecting their growth and general health. Later investigations have shown the possibility of preparing several compositions based on cereals, oilseed meals and pulses, suitable for feeding weaned infants'' 7. Subrahmanyan et al6 have shown that two ounces of a balanced malt food (a blend of sorghum malt, low-fat groundnut flour, Bengal gram flour and skim milk powder) or Indian MPF (a blend of groundnut flour 60 parts, Bengal gram flour 20 parts and skim milk powder 20 parts fortified with vitamins and minerals) in the diet form effective supplements to the, diets of weaned infants aged 9-20 months. Scrimshaw et al developed a vegetable mixture known as INCAP mixture 9B (blend of corn, 29 parts, sorghum, 29 parts, cottonseed meal, 38 parts, dry Torula yeast, 3 parts, calcium carbonate, 1 part and vitamin A, 10,000 I.U.) which was found to be very effective in the treatment of kwashiorkor in children. The present paper gives details of the process and project costs for the preparation of a low cost precooked protein food suitable for feeding weaned infants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: weaned infants, protein malnutrition, protein rich foods
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 03 Child nutrition
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 03 Proteins
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 18 Processed foods
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2012 06:42
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2012 06:42
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/3770

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