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Control of spoilage and inhibition of ripening in alphanso mangoes by fumigation.

Subramanyam, H. and Moorthy, N. V. N. and Subhadra, N. V. and Muthu, M. (1969) Control of spoilage and inhibition of ripening in alphanso mangoes by fumigation. Tropical Science, 11. pp. 120-125.

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Abstract

Mango fruits were treated with methyl bromide (MB), methyl formate (MF), ethylene oxide (EO) or chloropicrin (CP) at a concn. of 32 mg/l., and stored for 21 days at room temp. (23-30 degree C) with RH 45-65% or at low temp. (11-12 degree C) with a RH of 95%, followed by a hot water dip and storage at 23-30 degree C for ripening. At room temp., MF and EO inhibited ripening up to the 16th day of storage. On the 20th day, 91 and 100% resp. of the fruit were ripe. MB was the least effective inhibitor of ripening. CP caused severe injury to the fruits, which did not ripen at either storage temp. At low temp. storage, fruit treated with EO developed excellent colour and texture, whereas MB and MF treated fruit showed signs of chemical injury and untreated controls had a shrivelled appearance. Spoilage of fruits was at a minimum after EO and MF treatment at either storage temp. Ethylene oxide can be sucessfully used for inhibiting ripening and delaying spoilage of mangoes stored at room temp.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SPOILAGE-; /Control of spoilage/ in Alphonso mangoes by fumigation; INHIBITION-; /inhibition of ripening/ in Alphonso mangoes by fumigation; RIPENING-; MANGOES-; /Control of spoilage; inhibition of ripening/ in Alphonso mangoes by fumigation; FUMIGATION-; METHANE,-BROMO-; Effect of /methyl bromide/ on ripening & spoilage of mangoes; FORMIC-ACID,-METHYL-ESTER; Effect of /methyl formate/ on ripening & spoilage of mangoes; ETHYLENE-OXIDE; Effect of /ethylene oxide/ on ripening & spoilage of mangoes; CHLOROPICRIN-; Effect of /chloropicrin/ on ripening & spoilage of mangoes
Subjects: 600 Technology > 03 Agriculture > 05 Insect/Pest Control
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 24 Fruits > 06 Mango
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2014 11:10
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2016 08:38
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/3617

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