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Thermal Processing of Acidified Vegetables

Aslan, Azizi and Ranganna, S. (1993) Thermal Processing of Acidified Vegetables. Journal of Food Science and Technology (India), 30 (6). pp. 422-428.

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Abstract

<p align="justify">Effect of lowering the pH, either by adding acid or lactic fermentation, on thermal process requirements for canned vegetables was investigated. Malic acid was preferred for acidification of canned vegetables. Addition of acid to covering brine was preferable to the blanching in acid solution, as the acidification was uniform, and it reduced the extent of discolouration. Acidification by lactic fermentation, using 2% boiling hot brine to cover the prepared vegetable, reduced the pH to 3.8 in 3 days. Fermentation is initiated by the species of Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus followed by Pediococcus and Streptococcus, Process time, based on a sterilisation value of F8.9100 = 3.5 min, was adequate to render the canned acidified vegetables (pH ≤ 4.0) microbiologically safe. The process time required for 77.8 x 119.1 mm and 103 .2 x 119.1 mm cans, having initial temperature of 65°C, was 15 min or less in boiling water. Colour of the lactic fermented canned products was superior to canned vegetables acidified with malic acid. Both had texture similar to that of the freshly cooked vegetables. Products acidified by fermentation had minimal sour taste.</p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acidified vegetables, Fermented vegetables, Canning, Thermal processing, Microbial changes, Storage studies
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 06 Preservation and Storage
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 23 Vegetables
600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 04 Fermentation Technology
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2006
Last Modified: 22 May 2012 11:06
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/313

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