[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

PCR-restriction fragment length analysis of aflR gene for differentiation and detection of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus in maize

Somashekar, D. and Rati, E. R. and Chandrashekar, A. (2003) PCR-restriction fragment length analysis of aflR gene for differentiation and detection of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus in maize. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 93. pp. 101-107.

[img] PDF
International_Journal_of_Food_Microbiology_93_(2004)_101-_107.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (632kB)

Citations: 20 in Google Scholar


Abstract

<p align="justify">Contamination of food and feedstuffs by Aspergillus species and their toxic metabolites is a serious problem as they have adverse effects on human and animal health. Hence, food contamination monitoring is an important activity, which gives information on the level and type of contamination. A PCR-based method of detection of Aspergillus species was developed in spiked samples of sterile maize flour. Gene-specific primers were designed to target aflR gene, and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the PCR product was done to differentiate Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Sterile maize flour was inoculated separately with A. flavus and A. parasiticus, each at several spore concentrations. Positive results were obtained only after 12-h incubation in enriched media, with extracts of maize inoculated with A. flavus (101 spores/g) and A. parasiticus (104 spores/g). PCR products were subjected to restriction endonuclease (HincII and PvuII) analysis to look for RFLPs. PCR-RFLP patterns obtained with these two enzymes showed enough differences to distinguish A. flavus and A. parasiticus. This approach of differentiating these two species would be simpler, less costly and quicker than conventional sequencing of PCR products.</p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspergillus flavus Aspergillus parasiticus Maize PCR RFLP aflR
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 22 Legumes-Pulses > 02 Maize
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 29 Microbiological food > 02 Fungi
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 01 Analysis
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2005
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 11:25
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/247

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item