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Interaction of transport resistances with biochemical reaction in packed bed solid state fermenters: the effect of gaseous concentration gradients.

Gowthaman, M. K. and Ghildyal, N. P. and Rao, K. S. M. S. and Karanth, N. G. (1993) Interaction of transport resistances with biochemical reaction in packed bed solid state fermenters: the effect of gaseous concentration gradients. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 56 (3). pp. 233-9. ISSN 0268-2575

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Abstract

Mass transfer plays an important role in solid state fermentation (SSF) systems. Earlier work on SSF in tray bioreactors indicated that steep gaseous concentration gradients developed within the substrate bed, owing to mass transfer resistances, which may adversely affect the bioreactor performance. For all practical purposes these gradients have been eliminated using a packed bed column bioreactor with forced aeration. Gaseous concentrations (oxygen and carbon dioxide) and enzyme activities were measured at various bed heights for various air flow rates during the course of fermentation. The results indicated that concentration gradients were decreased effectively by increasing air flow rate. For example, the actual oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration gradients reduced from 0.07% (v/v) cm-1 and 0.023% (v/v) cm-1 to 0.007% (v/v) cm-1 and 0.0032% (v/v) cm-1 respectively when the air flow rate was increased from 5 dm3 min-1 to 25 dm3 min-1. This resulted in an overall improvement in the performance of the bioreactor in terms of enzyme production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mass transfer, bioreactor, enzyme, solid state fermentation.
Subjects: 600 Technology > 05 Chemical engineering > 03 Enzyme Biotechnology and Engineering
Divisions: Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering
Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 30 May 2016 06:41
Last Modified: 30 May 2016 06:41
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/2302

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