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Effect of retinol deficiency and curcumin or turmeric feeding on brain Na(+)-K+ adenosine triphosphatase activity.

Kaul, S. and Krishnakantha, T. P. (1994) Effect of retinol deficiency and curcumin or turmeric feeding on brain Na(+)-K+ adenosine triphosphatase activity. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 137 (2). pp. 101-7. ISSN 0300-8177

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Abstract

The effect of retinol deficiency and curcumin and turmeric feeding on brain microsomal Na(+)-K(+)ATPase activity was investigated. The brain Na(+)-K(+)ATPase activity registered an increase of 148.5% as compared to the control group. Upon treating retinol deficient rats with curcumin or turmeric, the abnormally elevated activity showed a decrease of 36.9 and 47.1%, respectively, when compared to the retinol deficient group. An increase in Vmax by 67% and Km by 66% for ATP was observed in the retinol deficient group. Curcumin or turmeric fed retinol-deficient groups reduced the Vmax by 25 and 33%, while Km was reduced by 25 and 31%, respectively, compared to the retinol deficient group. Arrhenius plot of Na(+)-K(+) ATPase showed a typical bi-phasic pattern in all the groups. Cholesterol:Phospholipid ratio showed a decrease in the retinol-deficient group by 67.8%, which showed a marked increase in curcumin or turmeric treated groups. Detergents could increase the Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activity more in the control group than in the retinol deficient groups. Curcumin or turmeric improved the detergent action on the enzyme. Subsequent freezing and thawing over a period of 30 min decreased the enzyme activity by 22.8% in the retinol deficient group compared to 15.9% decrease in the control group. Curcumin or turmeric treated groups showed a decrease in the enzyme activity by 22.0 and 19.2%, respectively, when compared to the zero time in each group. In the presence of concanavalin-A (Con-A) there was only 52.4% stimulation in the enzyme activity in retinol deficient groups, compared to 108.0% in the control group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: retinol, retinol deficiency, Na+-K + ATPase, Na+-K + pump, turmeric, curcumin
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 12 Metabolism
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 30 Spices/Condiments > 07 Turmeric
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2018 05:22
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2018 10:52
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/2266

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