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Pleurotus mushrooms. 1A. Morphology, life cycle, taxonomy, breeding, and cultivation

Rajarathnam, S. and Bano, Z. (1987) Pleurotus mushrooms. 1A. Morphology, life cycle, taxonomy, breeding, and cultivation. CRC Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 26 (2). pp. 157-223. ISSN 0099-0248

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Abstract

Pleurotus species represent a well-defined group of Basidiomyceteous fungi of the order Agaricales and family Tricholomataceae. They are characterized by the production of fruit bodies with an eccentric stalk and a wide cap shaped like an oyster shell, with the widest portion of the cap being away from the stalk. They grow over a wide range of temp. and are able to colonize a wide spectrum of unfermented, natural, lignino-cellulosic wastes. Because of their fast mycelial growth rate, they colonize the substrates rapidly; the yield of fruit bodies is also high. The bifactorial inheritance, observed in many of the species, suggests the likelihood of a high degree of genetic variability, and, hence, considerable breeding potential. Pleurotus species can be grown on a commercial scale, without the need for composting and artificial conditioning of the ambient temp. Aspects of basic and applied research--such as morphology, life cycle, taxonomy, breeding, and cultivation--leading to development of a "Pleurotus Technology" are dealt with here.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FUNGI-EDIBLE; Pleurotus, properties of, Review, Title; REVIEWS-; Pleurotus, properties of, Title
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 29 Microbiological food > 03 Mushroom
Divisions: Fruit and Vegetable Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2008 11:00
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2010 07:03
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/2206

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