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Change in the positional specificity of lipoxygenase 1 due to insertion of fatty acids into phosphatidylcholine deoxycholate mixed micelles.

Began, G and Sudharshan, E and Appu Rao, A. G. (1999) Change in the positional specificity of lipoxygenase 1 due to insertion of fatty acids into phosphatidylcholine deoxycholate mixed micelles. Biochemistry, 38 (42). pp. 13920-13927. ISSN 0006-2960

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Abstract

Linoleic and arachidonic acids were inserted into phosphatidylcholine deoxycholate mixed micelles (PDM-micelles) with their tail groups buried inside and carboxylic groups exposed outside. The fatty acid hydrophobic tail had a high affinity for the hydrophobic region of phosphatidylcholine micelles. The fatty acids inserted into phosphatidylcholine micelles were better substrates for soybean lipoxygenase 1 (LOX1) with two distinct pH optima at 7.0 and 10.0. With Tween 20-solubilized linoleic acid, the enzyme had a pH optimum at 9.0, exclusively forming 13-hydroperoxides. However, with linoleic and arachidonic acids inserted into PDM-micelles, LOX1 synthesized exclusively 9- and 5-hydroperoxides, respectively. The enzyme brought about the transformation of the substrate either at pH 7.4 or at 10.0, less efficiently at pH 10.0. However, the regioselectivity of the enzyme was not altered by increasing the pH from 7.4 to 10.0. Thus, LOX1 could utilize fatty acids bound to membranes as physiological substrates. The enzyme utilized the carboxylic group of linoleic and arachidonic acids inserted into the PDM-micelles as a recognition site to convert the compounds into 9- and 5-hydroperoxides, respectively. This was confirmed by activity measurements using methyl linoleate as the substrate. Circular dichroism measurement of LOX1 with PDM-micelles suggested that while there was a small change in the tertiary structure of LOX1, the secondary structure was unaffected. Soybean LOX1, which is arachidonate 15-LOX, acted as "5-LOX", thus making it possible to change the regiospecificity of the LOX1-catalyzed reaction by altering the physical state of the substrate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lipoxygenases phosphatidylcholine deoxycholate Linoleic arachidonic acids
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 29 Protein Chemistry
Divisions: Protein Chemistry and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2008 11:40
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:39
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/2188

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