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Multistage magnetic and electrophoretic extraction of cells, particles and macromolecules.

Raghavarao, K. S. M. S. and Dueser, M. and Todd, P. (2000) Multistage magnetic and electrophoretic extraction of cells, particles and macromolecules. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology, 68. pp. 139-90. ISSN 0724-6145

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Abstract

Improved techniques for separating cells, particles, and macromolecules (proteins) are increasingly important to biotechnology because separation is frequently the limiting factor for many biological processes. Manufacturers of new enzymes and pharmaceutical products require improved methods for recovering intact cells and intracellular products. Similarly isolation, purification, and concentration of many biomolecules produced in fermentation processes is extremely important. Often such downstream processing contributes a large portion of the product cost. In conventional methods like centrifugation and even modern methods like chromatography, scale-up problems are enormous, making them uneconomical and prohibitively expensive unless the product is of very high value. Therefore there has been a need for efficient and economical alternative approaches to bioseparation processes to eliminate, reduce, or facilitate solids handling. Magnetic and electric field assisted separations may hold considerable potential for providing a future major improvement in bioseparation technology. In the present review the merits and demerits of the existing methods are discussed. We present mainly our own research on the development of unified multistage extraction processes that are versatile enough to handle cells and particles as well as macromolecules as described below. We describe multistage methods, namely ADSEP (Advanced Separator), MAGSEP (Magnetic Separator), and ELECSEP (Electrophoretic Separator), for quantitatively separating cells, particles, and solutes by using magnetically and electrophoretically assisted extraction processes. To the best of our knowledge, multistage magnetic and electrophoretic separations have not been reported in the earlier literature. The theoretical underpinnings of these separations are crucial to their success and to the identification of their advantages over other separation processes in particular applications. Hence mathematical modeling is stressed here, presenting our own models while also reviewing models reported in the literature. We also present suggestions for future work while analyzing the scale-up and economic aspects of these extraction processes. Commercial uses of the magnetic and electrophoretic processes, having both ground- and space-based research elements, also are presented in this review.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: magnetic extraction, aqueous two phase extraction, electrophoretic extraction
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 07 Food Engineering
Divisions: Food Engineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2011 07:04
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2011 07:04
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/2146

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