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Physical behavior of purified and crude wax obtained from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seed oil refineries and seed hulls.

Sindhu Kanya, T. C. and Udaya Sankar, K. and Sastry, M. C. S. (2003) Physical behavior of purified and crude wax obtained from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seed oil refineries and seed hulls. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition , 58 (2). pp. 179-96. ISSN 0921-9668

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The sunflower seed waxes obtained from two sources (i) seed hull as a standard and (ii) crude wax from oil refineries were studied for their crystallization, melting characteristics and morphology of crystals. The results of differential scanning calorimetry of wax obtained from seed hulls showed the melting temperature range of 13.18 degrees C with the onset at 62.32 degrees C, for purified wax, compared to the melting range of 24.73 degrees C with the onset at 42.3 degrees C. for crude wax. The enthalpy of fusion for both waxes were 57.55 mcal/mg and 7.63 mcal/mg, respectively. The DSC melt crystallization temperature range was 15.79 degrees C with the onset of 64.58 degrees C for purified wax and temperature range of 31.45 degrees C with an onset of 57.76 degrees C for crude wax. A similar pattern was observed of wax obtained from the crude wax of oil refineries. The enthalpy of crystallization was -64.27 mcal/mg and -7.67 mcal/mg, respectively. The purified wax obtained from the two sources (i) and (ii) were comparable with completion temperatures of 75.5 degrees C and 75.1 degrees C, respectively. The effect of inhibitor (lecithin) on crystallization of purified wax under light microscope and surface structure by scanning electron microscope were observed. Lecithin at 0.2% inhibited the crystallization but nucleation was unaltered. The wax crystal was inhibited to around 60% of the original size with 0.2% lecithin. It is concluded that the sunflower waxes studied were not comparable in their crystal properties of crude and purified states. Lecithin inhibited the crystallization of sunflower seed wax.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crude wax, Crystallization, Inhibitor, Melting, Particle size, Physical behavior, Scanning electron microscope, Sunflower seed wax
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats > Sunflower Seed
600 Technology > 09 Industrial oils, fats, waxes, gases
Divisions: Food Engineering
Protein Chemistry and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2009 05:44
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 08:02
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/2057

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