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Comparative evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of carotenoids of microalgae.

Murthy, K. N. Chidambara and Rajesha, J. and Swamy, M. Mahadeva and Ravishankar, G. A. (2005) Comparative evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of carotenoids of microalgae. Journal of Medicinal Food, 8 (4). pp. 523-8. ISSN 1096-620X

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Abstract

The present study deals with evaluation of the hepatotoprotective activity of carotenoids from two well-known microalgae, Spirulina platensis and Dunaliella salina. Carotenoids were extracted in hexane:isopropyl alcohol (1:1 vol/vol) and fed orally in olive oil to Wistar albino rats at a dose of 100 microg/kg of body weight/day (in terms of carotenoids). The degree of hepatoprotection was measured by estimation of biochemical parameters like serum transaminases [serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)], serum alkaline phosphatase, total albumin, and total protein. The results were compared with those for a control group, a CCl4-induced hepatic damage group, and a group treated with synthetic beta-carotene (all-trans) at the same dose. The protein content of the CCl4-treated group, which received normal diet and a dose of toxin, showed a significant decrease, i.e., 3.92 mg/mL, whereas the protein levels were higher, i.e., 6.96 and 6.32 mg/mL, in the case of the Dunaliella and Spirulina, respectively, carotenoid-treated groups. The CCl4-treated group shown higher activity of transaminases (128.68 units/mL SGPT and 171.52 units/mL SGOT). However, the activity of SGPT was 62.83 units/mL for Dunaliella and 76.83 units/mL for Spirulina, i.e., carotenoids of Dunaliella showed a higher degree of protection. For serum alkaline phosphatase, the standard beta-carotene value was 81.52 units/mL, compared with 84.46 units/mL for the CCl4-treated group; however, natural algal carotenoids yielded 38.45 units/mL (D. salina) and 44.73 units/mL (Spirulina). The total albumin value diminished with CCl4 treatment (2.46 mg/mL); the effect was highest for Dunaliella, followed by the Spirulina carotenoid-treated group. The results clearly indicate that carotenoids from Dunaliella possess better hepatoprotection compared with those from Spirulina. High-performance liquid chromatography of the carotenoids indicated that Spirulina contains only beta-carotene and Dunaliella contains other carotenoids and xanthophyll. The increase in protection with Dunaliella indicates that mixed carotenoids exhibit better biological activity than beta-carotene alone. The results of this study indicate that carotenoids obtained from an algal source have a higher antihepatotoxic effect, compared with synthetic beta-carotene and with beta-carotene alone from a natural source.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antihepatotoxic effect carotene cis-trans isomers Dunaliella salina Spirulina platensis
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 01 Algae
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 32 Antioxidants
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2017 08:41
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 08:41
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1954

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