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The conformational state of polyphenol oxidase from field bean (Dolichos lablab) upon SDS and acid-pH activation.

Santosh, R. Kanade and Beena, Paul and Appu Rao, A. G. and Lalitha, R. Gowda (2006) The conformational state of polyphenol oxidase from field bean (Dolichos lablab) upon SDS and acid-pH activation. The Biochemical Journal, 395. pp. 551-562. ISSN 1470-8728

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Abstract

Field bean (Dolichos lablab) contains a single isoform of PPO (polyphenol oxidase)--a type III copper protein that catalyses the o-hydroxylation of monophenols and oxidation of o-diphenols using molecular oxygen--and is a homotetramer with a molecular mass of 120 kDa. The enzyme is activated manyfold either in the presence of the anionic detergent SDS below its critical micellar concentration or on exposure to acid-pH. The enhancement of kcat upon activation is accompanied by a marked shift in the pH optimum for the oxidation of t-butyl catechol from 4.5 to 6.0, an increased sensitivity to tropolone, altered susceptibility to proteolytic degradation and decreased thermostability. The Stokes radius of the native enzyme is found to increase from 49.1+/-2 to 75.9+/-0.6 A (1 A=0.1 nm). The activation by SDS and acid-pH results in a localized conformational change that is anchored around the catalytic site of PPO that alters the microenvironment of an essential glutamic residue. Chemical modification of field bean and sweet potato PPO with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodi-imide followed by kinetic analysis leads to the conclusion that both the enzymes possess a core carboxylate essential to activity. This enhanced catalytic efficiency of PPO, considered as an inducible defence oxidative enzyme, is vital to the physiological defence strategy adapted by plants to insect herbivory and pathogen attack.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phenols; Hydroxylation
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 11 Food Biochemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 08 Food Chemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 22 Legumes-Pulses
Divisions: Protein Chemistry and Technology
Depositing User: Users 16 not found.
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2011 06:01
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 07:59
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1953

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