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Differential scanning calorimetric studies on structured lipids from coconut oil triglycerides containing stearic acid

Reena, Rao and Udaya Sankar, K. and Kari, Sambaiah and Lokesh, B. R. (2001) Differential scanning calorimetric studies on structured lipids from coconut oil triglycerides containing stearic acid. European Food Research and Technology, 212. pp. 334-343.

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Abstract

<p align="justify">Triglycerides from coconut oil contain high levels of lauric acid. They were replaced by incremental amounts of stearic acid by interesterification reactions catalyzed by immobilized lipase (IM 60 from Rhizomucor miehei). The reactions were carried out in organic solvents such as hexane. Maximum incorporation of stearic acid was observed by 4 h at 37 7C or by 2 h at 60 7C when triglycerides to fatty acid (stearic acid) ratio was maintained at 1: 6. The stearic acid level in coconut oil triglycerides was increased from an initial value of 2% to 60% under these conditions. The stearic acid replaced lauric, myristic, and palmitic acids in unmodified triglycerides. A major portion of stearic acid incorporated was found in positions 1 and 3 of triglycerides. Differential scanning calorimetry indicated that stearic acid enrichment increased the solid fat content and also the higher melting polymorphs in modified lipids. The studies also indicated that low melting polymorphic forms of coconut oil triglycerides are converted to higher melting forms by stearic acid enrichment. The modified lipids thus obtained can find use in various food applications.</p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Structured lipid Interesterification Immobilized lipase Solid fat content Polymorphism Medium chain triglycerides Coconut oil Stearic acid methyl ester
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 11 Food Biochemistry
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 16 Enzyme Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2005
Last Modified: 04 May 2012 11:02
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/194

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