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Low molecular weight chitosans--preparation with the aid of pronase, characterization and their bactericidal activity towards Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli.

Vishu Kumar, Acharya B and Varadaraj, M. C. and Lalitha, R. Gowda and Tharanathan, R. N. (2007) Low molecular weight chitosans--preparation with the aid of pronase, characterization and their bactericidal activity towards Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1770 (4). pp. 495-505. ISSN 0006-3002

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Abstract

The homogeneous low molecular weight chitosans (LMWC) of molecular weight 9.5-8.5 kDa, obtained by pronase catalyzed non-specific depolymerization (at pH 3.5, 37 degrees C) of chitosan showed lyses of Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli more efficiently (100%) than native chitosan (<50%). IR and (1)H-NMR data showed decrease in the degree of acetylation (14-19%) in LMWC compared to native chitosan ( approximately 26%). Minimum inhibitory concentration of LMWC towards 10(6) CFU ml(-1) of B. cereus was 0.01% (w/v) compared to 0.03% for 10(4) CFU ml(-1) of E. coli. SEM revealed pore formation as well as permeabilization of the bacterial cells, as also evidenced by increased carbohydrate and protein contents as well as the cytoplasmic enzymes in the cell-free supernatants. N-terminal sequence analyses of the released proteins revealed them to be cytoplasmic/membrane proteins. Upon GLC, the supernatant showed characteristic fatty acid profiles in E. coli, thus subscribing to detachment of lipopolysaccharides into the medium, whereas that of B. cereus indicated release of surface lipids. The mechanism for the observed bactericidal activity of LMWC towards both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria has been discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Low molecular weight chitosan; Pronase; Structure; Bactericidal activity; Mechanism
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 28 Polysaccharide Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Human Resource Development
Protein Chemistry and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2008 11:42
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2016 12:22
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1895

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