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Development of a biosensor for caffeine.

Babu, V. R. Sarath and Patra, S. and Karanth, N. G. and Kumar, M. A. and Thakur, M. S. (2007) Development of a biosensor for caffeine. Analytica Chimica Acta, 582 (2). pp. 329-34. ISSN 1873-4324

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Abstract

We have utilized a microbe, which can degrade caffeine to develop an Amperometric biosensor for determination of caffeine in solutions. Whole cells of Pseudomonas alcaligenes MTCC 5264 having the capability to degrade caffeine were immobilized on a cellophane membrane with a molecular weight cut off (MWCO) of 3000-6000 by covalent crosslinking method using glutaraledhyde as the bifunctional crosslinking agent and gelatin as the protein based stabilizing agent (PBSA). The biosensor system was able to detect caffeine in solution over a concentration range of 0.1 to 1 mg mL(-1). With read-times as short as 3 min, this caffeine biosensor acts as a rapid analysis system for caffeine in solutions. Interestingly, successful isolation and immobilization of caffeine degrading bacteria for the analysis of caffeine described here was enabled by a novel selection strategy that incorporated isolation of caffeine degrading bacteria capable of utilizing caffeine as the sole source of carbon and nitrogen from soils and induction of caffeine degrading capacity in bacteria for the development of the biosensor. This biosensor is highly specific for caffeine and response to interfering compounds such as theophylline, theobromine, paraxanthine, other methyl xanthines and sugars was found to be negligible. Although a few biosensing methods for caffeine are reported, they have limitations in application for commercial samples. The development and application of new caffeine detection methods remains an active area of investigation, particularly in food and clinical chemistry. The optimum pH and temperature of measurement were 6.8 and 30+/-2 degrees C, respectively. Interference in analysis of caffeine due to different substrates was observed but was not considerable. Caffeine content of commercial samples of instant tea and coffee was analyzed by the biosensor and the results compared well with HPLC analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Caffeine; Biosensor; Amperometric; Immobilization; Microbial biosensor; High-performance liquid chromatography
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 06 Chromatography
600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 04 Coffee
Divisions: Central Instrumentation Facility Services
Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2008 10:49
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 11:04
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1877

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