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Inhibition of galectin-3 mediated cellular interactions by pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources.

Sathisha, U. V. and Smitha, J. and Harish Nayaka, M. A. and Shylaja, M. Dharmesh (2007) Inhibition of galectin-3 mediated cellular interactions by pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources. Glycoconjugate Journal, 24 (8). pp. 497-507. ISSN 0282-0080

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Pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources such as Decalepis hamiltonii--swallow root (SRPP), Hemidesmus indicus (HPP), Nigella sativa--black cumin (BCPP), Andrographis serpyllifolia-(APP), Zingiber officinale--ginger (GRPP) and, citrus pectin (CPP) were examined for galectin inhibitory activity. Inhibition of (a) galectin-3 of MDA-MB-231 cells induced hemagglutination of red blood cells; (b) galectin-3 mediated interaction between normal/metastatic human buccal cells (NBC)/(MBC) and; (c) invasion of MDA-MB-231 and MBC in the invasive chamber was assessed. Results indicated that SRPP inhibited hemagglutination at Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of 1.86 microg ml(-1) equivalent of carbohydrate as apposed to those of BCPP (130 microg ml(-1)), APP (40 microg ml(-1)), HPP (40 microg ml(-1)) and CPP (25 microg ml(-1)). GRPP even at concentration >1-6 mg ml(-1) did not inhibit agglutination. Also SRPP showed approximately 15 and 2 fold potent anti hemagglutination activity relative to that of galectin-3 specific sugars-galactose (MIC-27.1 microg ml(-1)) and lactose (MIC-4.16 microg ml(-1)) respectively. Further, SRPP at 10 microg ml(-1) inhibited agglutination of NBC by galectin-3 of MDA-MB-231 cells. Modified swallow root pectic polysaccharide (MSRPP) of 50 kDa retained anti hemagglutination activity (MIC of 1.03 microg ml(-1)) and inhibited MDA-MB-231 and MBC invasion by 73 and 50% with an IC(50) of 136 and 200 microg ml(-1) respectively. Both SRPP and MSRPP induced apoptosis up to 80% at 100 microg ml(-1) concentration by activating approximately 2 and 8 folds of Caspase-3 activity. Sugar composition analysis and its correlation with the galectin inhibitory property indicated that pectic polysaccharides with higher arabinose and galactose content-arabinogalactan inhibited hemagglutination significantly.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Galectin-3 . Pectic polysaccharide . Hemagglutination . Anti metastatic activity . Arabinogalactan . Modified pectic polysaccharide
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 28 Polysaccharide Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 17 May 2012 04:25
Last Modified: 17 May 2012 04:28
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1864

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