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The use of Oilseeds and Nuts in the Feeding of Infants and Pre-School Children in the Developing Countries

Swaminathan, M. (1969) The use of Oilseeds and Nuts in the Feeding of Infants and Pre-School Children in the Developing Countries. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 1. pp. 205-235.

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Abstract

In view of the acute shortage of milk and other protein-rich foods of animal origin and the widespread occurrence of protein-calorie malnutrition among weaned infants and pre-school children in the developing countries, there is an urgent need for utilising other available sources of proteins such as oilseeds and nuts and their meals for feeding infants and pre-school children. A considerable amount of work has been carried out in different countries in developing methods for the production of milk substitutes, infant foods and processed protein foods based on oilseeds and nuts and their meals. The present review summarises the more recent findings. Among the different oilseeds and nuts, soyabeans and peanuts are the most promlsing for the production of milk substitutes and infant foods. Soyabeans possess the unique additional advantage of containίng proteins of high nutritive value (PER 2·0) which can be increased to 3.0 by fortification with DL-methionine. The protein rich supplements based on oilseed meals include (i) high protein foods containing over 40 per cent protein and fortified with vitamins and minerals, (ii> protein-enriched cereal foods containing from 16 to 26 per cent protein and fortified with vitamins and minerals. Studies with experimental animals and with infants have demonstrated that the milk substitutes and infant foods based on oilseeds and nuts possess high nutritive value and promote good growth. Studies with pre-school children have shown that the protein foods based on oilseed meals supplement effectively the poor diets normally consumed in the developing countries. Further, the costs of the above products are very much less than those of milk and other animal foods. It may be concluded that the large-scale production and use of the various products mentioned above will help effectively to overcome protein-calorie malnutrition and also in improving the health and nutrition of infants and pre-school children in the deve!oping countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: oilseed meals protein-calorie malnutrition
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 19 Lipids-oils/fats > 01 Oilseeds
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 33 Nuts
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 03 Child nutrition
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 29 May 2008 07:27
Last Modified: 29 May 2008 07:27
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1733

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