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Influence of Polyamines on Growth of Hairy Root Cultures of Witloof Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local) and Formation of Coumarins

Bais, H. P. and George, J. and Ravishankar, G. A. (1999) Influence of Polyamines on Growth of Hairy Root Cultures of Witloof Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local) and Formation of Coumarins. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 18. pp. 33-37.

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Abstract

The effect of polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) was examined for growth and production of two coumarins, esculetin and esculin, in the hairy roots of chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow local). Of the polyamines administered, 1.5 mM putrescine alone resulted in a 2.3-fold higher increase in the growth of hairy roots as well as in the production of esculetin and esculin, which was 3.37 times more than that of the control on day 21. The endogenous level of conjugated putrescine was more than fivefold that of free putrescine levels in untreated samples. The production of esculetin and esculin in hairy root cultures strictly correlated with growth in all of the treatments. Putrescine at 1.5 mM resulted in a greater length of primary root (18.29 ± 1.37 cm) compared with the control (10.96 ± 0.82 cm) and more secondary and tertiary roots. This study also provides insight into the morphogenetic changes that occur in roots in response to the external supply of polyamines.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow local Hairy root cultures Polyamines Coumarins
Subjects: 600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 04 Coffee
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants > 05 Tissue Culture
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2008 06:14
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:32
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1630

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