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Putrescine Influences Growth and Production of Coumarins in Hairy Root Cultures of Witloof Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local)

Bais, H. P. and Sudha, G. and Ravishankar, G. A. (1999) Putrescine Influences Growth and Production of Coumarins in Hairy Root Cultures of Witloof Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow Local). Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 18:. pp. 159-165.

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Abstract

The effect of putrescine (Put) on the growth and production of two coumarins, esculin and esculetin, in hairy roots of chicory (Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow local) was examined. To study the role of Put on growth and production of coumarins, polyamine inhibitors, namely a-DL-difluromethylornithine and a-DLdifluromethylarginine were used at 1 mM concentration. Put treatment at 1.5 mM produced a 1.9-fold increase in the growth of hairy roots, as well as the production of esculin and esculetin. The treatments with polyamine (PA) inhibitors resulted in much lower growth and production of coumarins compared with both 1.5-mM Put treatment and the control. Both free and conjugated PAs were studied over the whole culture period, and conjugates of all three PAs, namely Put, spermidine, and spermine, were higher than free PAs throughout the culture period. The treatments with PA inhibitors showed lower levels of endogenous PAs compared with Put-treated samples. The treatment with 1.5 mM Put showed maximum accumulation of endogenous conjugated Put (2,098 ± 157 nmoles gm-1 fresh weight). The production of esculin and esculetin was strictly correlated with growth in all treatments. Put at 1.5 mM resulted in greater length of primary root (18.3 ± 1.4 cm) as compared with the control (11 ± 0.9 cm) and larger numbers of secondary and tertiary roots.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cichorium intybus L. cv. Lucknow local Hairy root cultures Polyamines Coumarins
Subjects: 600 Technology > 07 Beverage Technology > 04 Coffee
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants > 05 Tissue Culture
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2008 06:06
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 09:32
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1629

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