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Involvement of Cysteine Residues and Domain Interactions in the Reversible Unfolding of Lipoxygenase-1

Sudharshan, E and Appu Rao, A. G. (1999) Involvement of Cysteine Residues and Domain Interactions in the Reversible Unfolding of Lipoxygenase-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274 (50). pp. 35351-35358.

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Urea-induced unfolding of lipoxygenase-1 (LOX1) at pH 7.0 was followed by enzyme activity, spectroscopic measurements, and limited proteolysis experiments. Complete unfolding of LOX1 in 9 M urea in the presence of thiol reducing or thiol modifying reagents was observed. The aggregation and oxidative reactions prevented the reversible unfolding of the molecule. The loss of enzyme activity was much earlier than the structural loss of the molecule during the course of unfolding, with the midpoint concentrations being 4.5 and 7.0 M for activity and spectroscopic measurements, respectively. The equilibrium unfolding transition could be adequately fitted to a three-state, two-step model (N 7 I 7 U) and the intermediate fraction was maximally populated at 6.3 M urea. The free energy change (DGH2O) for the unfolding of native (N) to intermediate (I) was 14.2 6 0.28 kcal/mol and for the intermediate to the unfolded state (U) was 11.9 6 0.12 kcal/mol. The ANS binding measurements as a function of urea concentration indicated that the maximum binding of ANS was in 6.3 M urea due to the exposure of hydrophobic groups; this intermediate showed significant amount of tertiary structure and retained nearly 60% of secondary structure. The limited proteolysis measurements showed that the initiation of unfolding was from the C-terminal domain. Thus, the stable intermediate observed could be the C-terminal domain unfolded with exposed hydrophobic domain-domain interface. Limited proteolysis experiments during refolding process suggested that the intermediate refolded prior to completely unfolded LOX1. These results confirmed the role of cysteine residues and domain-domain interactions in the reversible unfolding of LOX1. This is the first report of the reversible unfolding of a very large monomeric, multi-domain protein, which also has a prosthetic group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lipoxygenases Reversible Unfolding cysteine residues
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 16 Enzyme Chemistry
Divisions: Protein Chemistry and Technology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2008 05:34
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2018 10:36
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1616

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