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Spirulina platensis as Retinol Supplement for Protection Against Hexachlorocyclohexane Toxicity in Rats

Venkataraman, L. V. and Suvarnalatha, G. and Krishnakumari, M. K. and Joseph, Pius (1994) Spirulina platensis as Retinol Supplement for Protection Against Hexachlorocyclohexane Toxicity in Rats. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 31 (5). pp. 430-432.

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Abstract

Spirulina platensis, a cyanobacterium, was evaluated as a possible ameliorant of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-induced dietary toxicity in retinol deficient male albino rats by feeding 1000 ppm hexachlorocyclohexane mixed with diets free of vitamin A or supplemented with Spirulina at 0.0628 and 3.18% (2000 and 1,00,000 I.U. of vitamin A/ kg diet, respectively) for seven weeks. Growth rate was considerably reduced in rats fed with vitamin A-free diets with and without HCH, while the body weight gain increased at the end of the seven weeks in rats fed with alga supplemented diets, with or without HCH. Hepatic vitamin A stores of rats showed diet-related difference. Significant (p<0.05 and p<0.001) alterations were discernible in serum and liver enzymes, like glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase of rats fed with diets containing HCH, but without the alga. Such changes were not observed in rats fed with HCH diets supplemented with alga. The results are suggestive of the ameliorating effects of alga on the dietary toxicity of HCH in retinol deficient albino rats.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dietary toxicity, Hexachlorocyclohexane, Amelioration, Spirulina platensis, Retinol-deficient rats
Subjects: 600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 17 Toxicology
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology > 01 Algae
Divisions: Plant Cell Biotechnology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2007 10:20
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 11:37
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1561

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