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Colorimetric and chemiluminescence based enzyme linked apta-sorbent assay (ELASA) for ochratoxin A detection.

Monali, Mukherjee and Nandhini, C. and Praveena, Bhatt (2021) Colorimetric and chemiluminescence based enzyme linked apta-sorbent assay (ELASA) for ochratoxin A detection. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 244. p. 118875.

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Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most widespread mycotoxin found to contaminate various food products such as cereals, spices, groundnuts, coffee, wine, beer etc. It is also carried over from contaminated feed and fodder to milk, blood, meat, kidney and liver of animals consuming it. Enzyme-linked to biorecognition molecules like antibodies or aptamers are very popular due to their ability to be used as labels or tags in biosensing formats. In this work, OTA aptamer based colorimetric and chemiluminescence biosensing formats were evaluated for the detection of OTA. The colorimetric enzyme linked apta-sorbent assay (Co-ELASA) and chemiluminescence enzyme linked apta-sorbent assay (Cl-ELASA) showed a linear detection range from 1 pg/mL to 1 μg/mL with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.84 pg/mL for Co-ELASA (limit of quantification (LOQ) = 2.54 pg/mL) and 1.29 pg/mL for Cl-ELASA (LOQ = 3.94 pg/mL) under optimized buffer conditions. Comparison of ELASA methods with sandwich ELISA indicated that the developed techniques had sensitivity similar to the conventional technique which indicated a LOD of 1.13 pg/mL and LOQ of 3.41 pg/mL. Studies in simulated contaminated food samples by spiking OTA in groundnut and coffee bean at concentrations of 0.1, 1 and 10 ppb, indicated recoveries in the range of 50.21 to 113.27% for Co-ELASA, 90.47 to 107.72% for Cl-ELASA and 76.23 to 141.49% for ELISA. Results of the study indicate that Co-ELASA and Cl-ELASA assays could be an alternate approach for ultrasensitive detection of OTA in food samples, which can also be adapted for biosensor development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ochratoxin A ELASA Colorimetric Chemiluminescence Detection
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 01 Analysis
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 10 Food Microorganisms
Divisions: Food Microbiology
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2020 04:47
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2020 04:47
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/14682

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