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Formulation, development and evaluation of high fibre-high protein chapati (Indian flat bread) from composite flour using common industrial by-products.

Thoithoi, Tongbram and Jinku, Bora and Amudha, Senthil and Sourav, Kumar (2020) Formulation, development and evaluation of high fibre-high protein chapati (Indian flat bread) from composite flour using common industrial by-products. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 57 (7). pp. 2739-2749. ISSN 0022-1155

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Abstract

t Triple ground whole-wheat flour with 18.45% damaged starch was partially substituted by double sifted full-fat stabilised rice bran (SRB) and undamaged-stabilised-debitterised-wheat germ (USDWG) flour to produce high TDF (total dietary fibre), high protein flour for chapati. Five formulations, F1-5 with up to 15% SRB and 20% USDWG incorporations on weight basis were used for baking chapatis. The most sensorially and functionally acceptable formulation (F4), had 10% SRB and 15% USDWG, showed significant (P\ 0.05) improvement in desired parameters viz. TDF increased 16.83 ± 0.06% to 18.59 ± 0.03%, crude protein from 14.43 ± 0.06 to 19.52 ± 0.10% and in vitro starch digestibility decreased 8.30 ± 0.10% to 7.55 ± 0.01% when compared to control chapati. Texture profiling and sensory analysis indicated F4 formulation had overall acceptable qualities than chapati made from control, commercial and target flours. Water was completely replaced by liquid whey during chapati making, which showed promising results; Formulation F5 (15% SRB and 20% USDWG) scored 20.2% TDF and 22.7% protein. The above findings are useful for developing TDF and protein dense, low GI functional food, utilizing common industrial by-products at 20% lesser cost

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: High TDF-high protein Wheat germ Rice bran Functional food Chapati
Subjects: 600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 03 Proteins
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 16 Nutritive value > 07 Waste utilization
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 21 Cereals > 04 Wheat
600 Technology > 08 Food technology > 26 Bakery products > Indian flat bread
Divisions: Flour Milling Bakery and Confectionary Technology
Lipid Science and Traditional Foods
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2020 10:35
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 10:35
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/14666

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