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D-Amino acid oxidase and catalase of detergent permeabilized Rhodotorula gracilis cells and its potential use for the synthesis of a-keto acids

Upadhya, Rajendra and Nagajyothi, H. and Bhat, S. G. (1999) D-Amino acid oxidase and catalase of detergent permeabilized Rhodotorula gracilis cells and its potential use for the synthesis of a-keto acids. Process Biochemistry, 35. pp. 7-13.

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Abstract

Whole cells of the yeast Rhodotorula gracilis ATCC 26217 exhibited low D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) and catalase activities due to the membrane permeability barrier for D-amino acids and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The permeability barrier for the substrates was decreased by treating the yeast with detergents and organic solvents. Treatment with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) gave maximum enzyme activities. R. gracilis cells grown in a basal organic medium (medium I) in the presence of D-alanine (induction method A) yielded maximum DAAO (160 U:g) and catalase (6356 U:g) activities compared to cells grown in synthetic mineral medium (medium II) and later induced by exposing the harvested cells to D-alanine (induction method B,DAAO: 115 U:g and catalase 1982 U:g). The former cells readily converted D-phenylalanine predominately to phenylpyruvate 97%) with the formation of about 3% of phenylacetic acid, whereas the latter cells produced significant amounts of phenylacetic acid (30%). CTAB-permeabilized cells which were grown in medium I and induced by method A were also used for the simultaneous formation of phenylpyruvate and L-phenylalanine from DL-phenylalanine. CTAB-cells were reused upto three cycles for the bioconversion reaction.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: D-Amino acid oxidase; Catalase; Yeast (Rhodotorula gracilis); Permeabilization; a-Keto acids; Resolution of amino acids
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 03 Biochemistry & Molecular Biology > 19 Yeast
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 04 Chemistry and Allied Sciences > 03 Amino Acid Chemistry
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2007 12:40
Last Modified: 04 May 2012 10:48
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/1457

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