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Role of probiotics to combat viral infections with emphasis on COVID-19.

Aravind, Sundararaman and Mousumi, Ray and Ravindra, P. V. and Prakash, M. Halami (2020) Role of probiotics to combat viral infections with emphasis on COVID-19. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 104. pp. 8089-8104. ISSN 0175-7598

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Interspecies transmissions of viruses between animals and humans may result in unpredictable pathogenic potential and new transmissible diseases. This mechanism has recently been exemplified by the discovery of new pathogenic viruses, such as the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, Middle-East respiratory syndromecoronavirus epidemic in Saudi Arabia, and the deadly outbreak of Ebola in West Africa. The. SARS-CoV-2 causes coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), which is having a massive global impact in terms of economic disruption, and, above all, human health. The disease is characterized by dry cough, fever, fatigue, myalgia, and dyspnea. Other symptoms include headache, sore throat, rhinorrhea, and gastrointestinal disorders. Pneumonia appears to be the most common and severe manifestation of the infection. Currently, there is no vaccine or specific drug for COVID-19. Further, the development of new antiviral requires a considerable length of time and effort for drug design and validation. Therefore, repurposing the use of natural compounds can provide alternatives and can support therapy against COVID-19. In this review, we comprehensively discuss the prophylactic and supportive therapeutic role of probiotics for the management of COVID-19. In addition, the unique role of probiotics to modulate the gut microbe and assert gut homeostasis and production of interferon as an antiviral mechanism is described. Further, the regulatory role of probiotics on gut-lung axis and mucosal immune system for the potential antiviral mechanisms is reviewed and discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Probiotics . SARS-CoV-2 . COVID-19 . Gut-lung axis . Zoonosis
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 07 Life Sciences > 04 Microbiology
Divisions: Dept. of Biochemistry
Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2020 09:27
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 09:27
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/14466

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