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AMPK in microvascular complications of diabetes and the beneficial effects of AMPK activators from plants.

Shrikanth, C. B. and Nandini, C. D. (2018) AMPK in microvascular complications of diabetes and the beneficial effects of AMPK activators from plants. Phytomedicine. ISSN 1618-095X

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial disorder with the risk of micro- and macro-vascular complications. High glucose-induced derangements in metabolic pathways are primarily associated with the initiation and progression of secondary complications namely, diabetic nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Adenosine monophosphateactivated protein kinase (AMPK) has emerged as an attractive therapeutic target to treat various metabolic disorders including diabetes mellitus. It is a master metabolic regulator that helps in maintaining cellular energy homeostasis by promoting ATP-generating catabolic pathways and inhibiting ATP-consuming anabolic pathways. Numerous pharmacological and plant-derived bioactive compounds that increase AMP-activated protein kinase activation has shown beneficial effects by mitigating secondary complications namely retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Purpose: The purpose of this review is to highlight current knowledge on the role of AMPK and its activators from plant origin in diabetic microvascular complications. Methods: Search engines such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct and Web of Science are used to extract papers using relevant key words. Papers mainly focusing on the role of AMPK and AMPK activators from plant origin in diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy was chosen to be highlighted. Results: According to results, decrease in AMPK activation during diabetes play a causative role in the pathogenesis of diabetic microvascular complications. Some of the plant-derived bioactive compounds were beneficial in restoring AMPK activity and ameliorating diabetic microvascular complications. Conclusion: AMPK activators from plant origin are beneficial in mitigating diabetic microvascular complications. These pieces of evidence will be helpful in the development of AMPK-centric therapies to mitigate diabetic microvascular complications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AMP-activated protein kinase; diabetic nephropathy; diabetic retinopathy; diabetic neuropathy; AMPK activators; Bioactives.
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 10 Plants
600 Technology > 01 Medical sciences > 04 Diabetes Mellitus
Divisions: Molecular Nutrition
Depositing User: Food Sci. & Technol. Information Services
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 10:31
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 10:31
URI: http://ir.cftri.com/id/eprint/14461

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